Thursday, October 4, 2007

Understanding The Basic Concepts Of Debt

Budgeting is an important aspect of living and a person who knows how to budget will go a long way in this commercialized society. Budgeting has a lot to do with keeping the expenses less than the total income of the household. Those who are very good at budgeting can even come up with savings even if they have meager incomes.
The problem sets in when a person fails to make an efficient financial plan and his expenses exceeds his earnings. When this happens, a person has no choice but to borrow money to make up for his financial deficiencies. Borrowing once or twice because of a mismanaged financial plan is normal but when borrowing becomes a regular thing then that can put a person in serious debt problems.
A person who borrows money from another is said to be in debt. The debts of a person can be minimal or it can reach up to millions depending on the credit limits of such person. Sometimes, a person who has assets but isn't liquid can use these assets to get cash. Under this term, the person can be indebted for an amount mess or more than his assets.
There are laws which provide that a person can never be forced to render services as payment for his debts. This is already called undue servitude which is prohibited by the laws of some countries. However, there are situations when the person who is in debt opts to settle his obligation by rendering his services.
This can happen if a person is so talented in his craft like painting and he opts to pay for his debts by creating a painting of the creditor or the assignee of the creditor. Sometimes, a person can pay his debts gradually or on an installment basis.
When a person dies, the law has provided for a hierarchy of preferences in the payment of such debts. Of course, payment of taxes to the government will always come first. The second priority for debt payments includes funeral expenses of the deceased and the payment for the wages of people.
Debt is really just a simple concept which provides that a person who borrowed something from another is duty bound to pay that debt. However, the concept of debt becomes more complicated with the introduction of other concepts like mortgage, interest rates and other charges. Interest makes most debts double or even triple in amount. More often, the interest rates due for a certain debt is even higher than the principal amount borrowed.
A person who wants to get credit can do so in the form of a loan. A loan can either be secured to unsecured. A secured loan means the debtor borrowed some money and supported by collateral or a security for the loan. The security or collateral can come in the form of a house and lot, a car or any asset of the debtor. An unsecured loan means otherwise.
Most creditors require a security before granting a loan because it gives them something to hold on to or to forfeit in case the debtor defaults in payment. When the debtor fails to pay the debt within the agreed timeframe then the creditor can foreclose the security or the collateral.
However, having an unsecured loan doesn't mean that the debtor can renege on his debts. When the debtor fails to pay his loans, the creditor can still run after him by filing a case in court. When this happens, the debtor who has no cash can sell some of his assets to pay for his outstanding loan.
Being in debt is common even for the rich and the famous, the only difference between them and the common people is that their debts can be in the millions since they have more assets to support their loan. Unsecured loans most often have higher interest rates to make up for the lack of security.
Even third world countries are indebted to more developed countries. However, the debts of a country can go on forever because they keep on paying their loan but they also get new credits as their credit ratings go up.
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